Insights into anthropogenic nitrogen deposition to the North Atlantic investigated using the isotopic composition of aerosol and rainwater nitrate
Identifying the dominant sources of atmospheric reactive nitrogen (N r) is critical for determining the influence of anthropogenic emissions on Nr deposition, especially in marine ecosystems. To test the influence of anthropogenic versus marine air masses, samples were collected in Bermuda, where seasonal atmospheric circulation patterns lead to greater continental transport during the cool season. The 15N/14N of aerosol nitrate (NO3-) indicates changes in N r sources and its 18O/16O indicates a seasonal shift in the relative strength of pathways of NO3- formation. The aerosol δ15N-NO3- was consistently lower than or equal to the rainwater from the same sampling period, the opposite trend of that observed in polluted systems. We propose that this is due to HNO3(g) uptake onto aerosol particles with a kinetic isotope effect, lowering the aerosol δ15N-NO3 - relative to residual HNO3(g). The aerosol δ18O-NO3- was higher than that in rainwater during the cool season, but was not different during the warm season, which we tentatively attribute to the increased importance of heterogeneous halogen chemistry on the formation of NO3- during the cool season. ©2013. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.
Geophysical Research Letters